Aus Bildungsstreik 2009
Gum Disease and How to Spot It
Gum disease is a very common result poor oral hygiene that most people can avoid by taking proper care of their mouths. For the people that it does affect, there are several causes that lead to what dental hygienists often refer to periodontal disease. Gum disease is defined as inflammation and infection that destroys the tissues that support the teeth.
The prolonged exposure to plaque on the teeth may lead to more serious problems such as gingivitis. There are several factors that may contribute to your risk of getting gingivitis. If you are prone to certain types of infections throughout the rest of your body, of course the obvious thing being poor oral hygiene is a major factor as well. To avoid some of the oral hygiene problems it is always important to make sure that you brush and floss every day, after every meal. Some may not know that the use of mouthwash may also reduce the risk of gum issues. The more you let sugars and bacteria sit on your teeth, the more plaque builds up and that will cause inflammation and eventually lead to gingivitis. Uncontrolled diabetes can also cause some issues as well.
If you think you may have gingivitis there are symptoms that you should be aware of. If you notice blood on your toothbrush even when you are brushing lightly, your gums may appear bright red or a reddish-purple color to them. If you touch your gums they may be a bit tender and you also may have mouth sores. If you notice any of these symptoms it is recommended that you go see your dentist. They will look for the aforementioned indicators and make sure it is either gingivitis or just regular gum disease.
Once a diagnosis is determined the goal is to reduce the inflammation and to do this you must keep good oral hygiene this is the most detrimental part. In addition warm salt water and mouthwashes are recommended as well. Within one or two weeks the bleeding will lessen. It is then time to get your teeth professionally cleaned. After the cleaning you keep up with your new hygiene routine and before you know it your gums will return to their healthy, pink form. The stricter you are the less chance you have of any issues recurring.
While this may seem like a scary thought, there really is not much to worry about as long as you keep good oral hygiene you should have nothing to worry about.