Aus Bildungsstreik 2009
[Bearbeiten] What Exactly Does Hungaricum Mean?
Every nation has its own dishes or food that it considers to be truly theirs. The word, Hungaricum describes something that is uniquely Hungarian. Hungarian folklore, the intellectual and material cultural heritage of the country, the customs, the indigenous breeds, the matchless flavors of the local fruit and spices, food and drinks such as wine and brandy so all that is unique.
So which items are lists among Hungaricums? About 20 which seems like few items at first glance, but read some interesting facts about Hungary.
A few companies with worldwide fame established the exclusive Hungaricum Club at the end of the 20th century. It was launched by Herend Porcelain Manufactory, Pick Szeged Co., Tokaj Trading House and Zwack Unicum joined by the Halas Lace Foundation of Kiskunhalas in 2003. These Hungarian companies are inextricably attached to the superlative products they came up with: salami, porcelain, Aszu wine, Unicum liqueur and sewn lace.
Besides these 5 items thanks to the Carpathian Basin's extremely favorable natural endowments, cultivation and animal husbandry numerous plant and domestic animal species indigenous to this area alone have been employed by Hungarians over the centuries. For instance, Grey cattle recognizable because of their huge, curving horns, the Mangalica pig curly-haired, lop-eared breed of swine favored for its fat and is particularly delicious when processed to make the famed Hungarian paprika sausage.
Besides food, animals etc. the vast Hungarian Puszta has become a byword as it remained largely unchanged by the passing centuries, successfully protected from the dangers of encroaching civilization. The Hortobagy plain is the largest continuous grassland in Europe protected in a national park and by UNESCO declaring it a World Heritage site in 1999. Grazing animals, shepherds' huts, stables, sweep wells, the celebrated Nine-holed Bridge spanning Hortobagy river with the nearby csarda and Shepherd's Museum are all integral elements of the Puszta landscape.
Virtually everyone coming to Hungary and finding themselves by the Danube, Tisza or Lake Balaton shore will also come across the local fish soup. Even though each part of the country makes fish soup their own way, all of them are memorable culinary. Not to mention the genuine Hungarian goulash can be cooked at home, the real thing only ever comes out of a cauldron cooked over an open fire.
An aperitif is always a good way to start a meal, and Hungary has plenty of different drinks! First of all, various fruit brandies like palinka exist - then let's not forget to mention the renowned Unicum liqueur and dry Tokaj Szomorodni. The European Union has also granted exclusive rights to the use of the name palinka.
Hungarian salami is another product consumed around the world. In Budapest Herz salami, and in Szeged Pick salami are made only from the finest pork, with the greatest care and on the the essence at room temperature and slightly warmed by the hand, thereby releasing the delicious aroma and ensuring maximum enjoyment of the distilled fruit.
Having gone through meat and alcoholic beverages let's speak of two Hungarian desserts. The first dessert is dobos cake cover with caramel. It takes its name from its creator master confectioner Jozsef C. Dobos, and the other dessert, Gundel pancake, whose creator was Karoly Gundel, the talented chef and confectioner.
From these modest beginnings arose today's Herend Porcelain Manufactory. The road to worldwide recognition was paved by Mor Fischer who took over the factory in 1839. The high quality and original patterns of Herend porcelain soon caught the eye of experts, collectors and the aristocracy. Hungarian pieces received laudatory reviews at the World Exhibitions in London in 1851, New York in 1853 and Paris in 1855. Among the rulers who placed commissions for Herend dinner services were Queen Victoria, Emperor Franz Joseph I and Tsar Alexander II.
Folk art and folk customs are very much alive in the country these days. This is particularly true of folk dancing. In addition to the several globetrotting professional folk dance ensembles who do so much to promote the values of Hungarian folk dance and music there are innumerable amateur folk dance groups in towns and villages around the country. Folk craft is always the fruit of manual work, as is Halas (Kiskunhalas) lace.
Foreigners who travel in Europe and passing through Hungary often make a stop at the unique Lake Heviz - at 5 hectares Europe's largest medicinal thermal lake - is one of the natural wonders of Hungary. In summer the lake water rises to 35 Celcius degrees, but cools around 30 Celcius degrees in winter time. Natural springs pump 35 million liters of water each day, meaning that the entire water content of the lake is changed every three days or so.
All questionnaire indicate the Puskas Ferenc, Pancho is the most famous Hungarian. For half a century now the footballing phenomenon has maintained a reputation the envy of many of his fellow sportsmen. He was born in 1927 and his talent was obvious when he was very young: plenty of legends boast about his fiendish dribbling of the ball and goals scored with the left foot. One of his most memorable matches came in 1953 when the underrated Hungarian team crushed the invincible English team 6-3 at Wembley Stadium.
Hungarians like playing as well. Folk toys and traditional games are unique and stimulate creativity. This highly original creativity is perhaps most apparent in the Rubik's Cube which set out on its conquest of the world in 1975. It remains today the world's most widely distributed puzzle.
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