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Long before the Europeans arrived, education had belonged to Nigerians. The Children were instructed about their culture, social activities, survival abilities and work. Most of these education processes were influenced into the kids informally; a few of these societies gave a more formal teaching of the society and culture.
In these Societies, there are formal guidelines that governed the rites of passage from youth into the adult years. The youth is expected to have actually achieved the required social and survival skills along with having a grounded knowledge in the culture. These are the foundations of education in Nigeria, and upon them were the western education implemented upon.
European Education was presented into Nigeria in the 1840s. In a couple of decades education in English language gradually took roots in the Nigeria. Throughout the Colonial years, Great Britain did not advertise education.
In the northern component of Nigeria, which was predominantly Muslim occupied, Western-style education was restricted. The spiritual leaders did not want the missionaries interfering with Islam. This offered method to developing Islamic institution that focused primarily on the Islamic education.
Today, adult literacy has actually been estimated to be over 78 percent for men and 64 percent for females. It is therefore not incorrect to call Nigeria a country dominated with educated individuals.
Prior to Nigeria's freedom, Nigeria had actually only two developed Post-secondary Institution. Yaba Higher university (established in 1934, Now Yaba College of Technology) and the University of Ibadan was established in 1948. It was then a College of the University of London till 2 years after the self-reliance when she became autonomous. More popular universities which consist of University of Nigeria, Obafemi Awolowo University (formerly University of Ife), Ahmadu Bello University and Mohood Abiola Kashimawo University (formerly University of Lagos) were established in the years that followed the Independence.
In 1970s more universities were founded which include University of Benin (established in 1970), and new university opened in Calabar, Ilorin, Jos, Port Harcourt, Sokoto and Maiduguri. In the 1980s, more universities were opened along with institute specializing in Agriculture and Technology. A variety of Polytechnics were also opened, that includes the Yaba College of Technology in Lagos and Kaduna Polytechnics.
In 1980, the estimated enrollment in the primary schools was 12 million, Technical and secondary colleges 1.2 million, instructors universities 240,000 and Universities 75,000. One would anticipate that with such a quote, the Nigerian education in Nigeria only three years after would have considerably improved. The reverse has been the case.
Today decline in the Nigerian education system can be traced back to the 1980s and 1990s. Then there was a scarcity of certified teachers, the few certified instructors were not paid in a prompt way. The number of schools did not expand with the population and numerous of the existing schools were inadequately moneyed leading to poor maintenance. In the Universities insufficient funding led to the shortage of area and resources. Increase in tuition fee often led to riots resulting in cancellation of semesters. Industrial actions by the University Staff requesting for higher salaries and much better working conditions also compounded the situations. This site; Online Shopping Nigeria provides very useful information about Online Shopping Nigeria and Online Shopping Nigeria. Nevertheless, today governors in many state are attending to these problems.
A lot of graduates lack the needed survival and social skills that must have been learned in schools. The center of the country's growth "the Education system" no longer holds value; for this reason the whole nation is falling apart. Products of the Nigeria education system are not employable, causing large unemployment and under-development in the nation.
The foundation of education in Nigeria upon which the Europeans laid the western-style education is strong. This has actually managed to hold the academic system of the country together through the difficulty days.